Saturday, April 23, 2016

Week 4 MedTech and Art

In the lecture one video, Vesna explains how doctors should know the anatomy of the human body in order to be successful in the medical field. Dissections and anatomical drawings help to accurately represent and understand the human body. Emerging technology, such as CAT scans, has helped to simplify the process of seeing the human body while also expanding how much of the human body we see. Marilene Oliver demonstrates how art can help to view the human anatomy in a new and innovative way. Oliver superimposes scans to show the anatomy and uniqueness of an individual’s body. I think her work is extremely important in showing how each person’s body is unique and requires the doctor’s knowledge anatomy.

I was surprised to hear that before technological advancement, you were not considered a doctor if you used technology. Years ago, technology did not give doctors an insight into the human body. Doctors had to cut open a body in able to understand how the human anatomy worked. Only recently, has being a doctor centrally revolved around the use of technology. Technology has made diagnostics much easier and efficient.

Fortune magazine recently released an article claiming that technology is bound to replace 80% of what doctors do. Emerging technology will allow doctors to do their job more effectively and efficiently. Recently, the Vinci Surgical System was released. The Vinici Surgical System is a robotic machine that preforms accurate surgical procedures. Although the Vinci Surgical System has proven to provide less scaring, greater precision, and a quicker recovery period, I am spectacle about the technology. New technology diminishes the relationship between the doctor and the patient as well as causes the doctor to have less interest in the patient’s health. Technology in the medical field has the ability to contradict the statement made by doctors that they “will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug,” in the Hippocratic oath.


Diana Gromala has used new technology, virtual reality, to help treat pain. Gromala believes that Virtual Reality is able to help patients to meditate and relax. Through meditation, patients are able to control their pain tolerance and levels. The art creates an environment that is relaxing to the patient. 3-D printers are now able to make artificial body parts such as ears and legs.


Resources: 
1. "Unexpectedly Good Integrations In Life: Artists Use Medical Technology For New Perspectives On Life." Artists Use Medical Technology For New Perspectives. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. <https://adeptia.com/blog/unexpectedly-good-integrations-life-artists-use-medical-technology-new-perspectives-life>

2. Hadawar, Devindra. "Doctors Reveal They Can 3D Print Body Parts and Tissue." Engadget. 19 Apr. 2016. Web. <http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v32/n8/full/nbt.2958.html>

3. Khosla, Vinod. "Technology Will Replace 80% of What Doctors Do." Fortune Technology Will Replace 80 of What Doctors Do Comments. 2012. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. <http://fortune.com/2012/12/04/technology-will-replace-80-of-what-doctors-do/>

4. Tyson, Peter. "The Hippocratic Oath Today." PBS. PBS, 2001. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/hippocratic-oath-today.html> 
5. TEDxTalks. "TEDxAmericanRiviera - Diane Gromala - Curative Powers of Wet, Raw Beauty." YouTube. YouTube, 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRdarMz--Pw

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Event 1

This week I attended the Exhibition at the Hammer Museum entitled, “Leap Before You Look: Black Mountain College 1933-1957.” Black Mountain College was a school that focused on a liberal arts education. Their work was based off of the collaboration of ideas and perspectives between the students and teachers. This exhibition highlighted how the education at Black Mount College influenced the templates for American art schools and the concepts for artwork postwar.
Proof of attendance
One topic that stood out to me while going through the exhibit was the convergence of math and art. One of the leading teachers, Josef Albers, focused on how to interpret perspective into his artwork. Two of his art pieces stood out to me the most and I will be focusing on them.

The first piece of his that I am going to talk about is entitled “Sanctuary”. “Sanctuary” explores the idea of depth within a 2-Dimensional print. The Lithograph has four prominent black rectangles. The four rectangles open up into bigger and bigger rectangles. The stacked rectangles are gradually increasing in size. By having a consistent increase in each triangle, Albers creates the sense that rectangles are 3-Dimensional. It looks as through the rectangles are moving towards you. One problem that I found with this piece is that the top half of the rectangles provided more depth then the bottom of the piece. The bottom of the piece feels 2-Dimensional.
"Sanctuary" by Josef Albers 
"Tenyuca" by Josef Albers
The second piece of his that I am going to analyze is the piece, “Tenayuca.” “Tenayuca” is an oil painting. The painting has a background in two different shades or red. There is a large dark gray rectangle in the back of the light gray and white rectangles. Albers is illustrating perception in “Tenayuca” by showing the dimensions in the painting changes depending on where you are looking at the rectangles from. Looking at the painting straight on, the rectangles look as those they are 3-Dimensional. However, when you move to the left of the painting the rectangles look 2-Dimensional. Looking down onto the painting, the previously 2-Dimensional rectangles look 3-Dimension. I think this is one of Alber’s most successful paintings because it causes the viewer to experience and explore how perception influences and changes the dimension within a painting.


Proof of Attendance: Me and My finger 
I highly recommend this exhibition. It provides artworks that clearly demonstrate how math has a huge impact on the way that dimensions are perceived within a work. Black Mountain College had a huge influence on the way that we are currently learning, engaging with, and making art in school and on our own.

Saturday, April 16, 2016

Week 3 Robotics + Art

I found Professor Machiko Kusahara’s lecture on Japanese robotics to be very interesting. Kusahara explains how Japan and American hold different interpretations of what robots should be like. She believes that America sees robots as mechanical toys whereas the Japanese see robots as equivalent to humans. They believe that robots should hold human like characteristics and emotions. Although the Japanese may have envisioned the future of robotics sooner than American, industrialization and mechanization has allowed American to approach robotics and art in a new and innovative way. Through design, robots are becoming less of a mechanical toy and more of a normal aspect of society.
Now, robotics has reached a whole new level regarding art. Japan recently released one of their most intelligent robots, Erica. Erica is practically a human. She has distinctive facial features and can communicate with humans. When Erica talks, her facial expressions change dependent on the context of the conversation. It seems as though robots have become a normal aspect of society. America is approaching the advancements in robotics differently then Japan. American is simplifying the design but upgrading the intellect. 
In the movie Her, Samantha, does not look like a human. Samantha is a simple brown pocket square that Theo carries around and talks to. Samantha serves as a companion to Theo. They share information and have intimate moments. Theo does not see Samantha as a ‘robot.’ 

Through art and science robots prove to be beneficial for society. They will improve society by providing new relationships because they can understand and communicate human-like emotion, relay information and increase mechanization. Donna Haraway believes that robots will lead to a world where gender is obsolete. This can only happen if women become more techsavy. Cyber feminism could be good for women, as they would no longer have to deal with gender stereotypes. However prevalent robots become within society, they do not come without detrimental effects as well.

Another interesting topic from this week was how science influenced the reproduction of art. 3D printers are machines that are rapidly increasing in popularity. 3D printers are advancing the meaning of replication. Instead of simply creating a flat replication of a painting, a 3D printer is able to copy the bumps and marks from actual painting giving it a more realistic and authentic feel. Advancements in science are contributing to new technology that collaborates with art. Whether or not this is killing the aura of authenticity is up to the person who buys and holds the duplicate.

Resources: 
1. Davis, Douglas. “The Work of Art in the Age of Digital Reproduction (an Evolving Thesis: 1991-1995)”. Leonardo 28.5 (1995): 381–386. Web…
2. Benjamin, Walter. The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. London: Penguin, 2008. Print.
3. Knight, Heather. "How Humans Respond to Robots: Building Public Policy through Good Design." The Brookings Institution. 2014. Web. 12 Apr. 2016 <http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports2/2014/07/how-humans-respond-to-robots>.
4. McCurry, Justin. "Erica, the 'most Beautiful and Intelligent' Android, Leads Japan's Robot Revolution." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 2015. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
5. "3D Printer Creates Identical Reproductions of Fine Art Paintings." Designboom Architecture Design Magazine 3D Printer Creates Identical Reproductions of Fine Art Paintings Comments. 2013. Web. 12 Apr. 2016. <http://www.designboom.com/art/oce-3d-printer-creates-identical-reproductions-of-fine-art-paintings-09-30-2013/>.

Saturday, April 9, 2016

Week 2 Math + Art

I never understood the significant impact that math had on artist’s creativity. Math influences art by more than just providing correct proportions; Math pushes the boundaries in art by providing new space for artists to work with. Math creates new perspective for artists. Henderson’s article and the Flatland story gave me two different interpretations of the impact that math has created in art.

The first interpretation I got was that the 4th dimension was a symbol of liberation for artists. They were no longer confined to a single time and space. The second interpretation I got was that the 4th dimension is an expansion on and with the dimensions before it. Artists are no longer confined to a single time and space. Cubism challenged the 2nd and 3rd dimension. Cubist artist attempted to contradict the notion that there is a fixed order, in relation to time and space. “Nude Descending a Staircase” by Duchamp, challenges the notion of time by moving away from the 3rd dimension and into the 4th dimension. The painting is superimposing multiple moments into a single piece. Also, there is the added dimension of time. The other interpretation builds off of and combines the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd dimensions together to make the 4th dimension. Whereas the other interpretation had to do with time and space, this has to do with space and interaction.
An art piece that I really enjoy is the “Ink Drops to the Origins”. It shows the movement of paper through space. The piece starts with pieces of paper separated from each other in space. They are one-dimensional. As the art piece continues, the papers come together to form a stack. This helped me to understand the 4th dimension because a one-dimensional object was developed into a 3-Dimensional object and continued, while also including time as a factor. “Ink Drops To The Origins” challenges perspective by intruding into new space and building off of the previous dimension.
Also, “The Rotating Tower in London” explores the 4th dimension by having each floor move in different directions depending on time. The shape of the building is never the same. The building is affected by current circumstances and time. 


From this week's lecture, I have come to the conclusion that when put together math, art, and science are combined into a single entity. An artist relies on math to broaden their creativity in their artwork.



Resources: 
1. "The Fourth Dimension." - EscherMath. Web. 04 Apr. 2016. http://euler.slu.edu/escher/index.php/The_Fourth_Dimension
2. Pavlopoulos, Theodor. "The Fourth Dimension in Painting: Cubism and Futurism." The Peacocks Tail. 19 Mar. 2011. Web. 04 Apr. 2016. <https://pavlopoulos.wordpress.com/2011/03/19/painting-and-fourth-dimension-cubism-and-futurism/>.
3. "Ink Drops to the Origins, 2013." ART COM Studios. Web. 04 Apr. 2016. <https://artcom.de/en/project/ink-drops-to-the-origins/>.
4. "Flatland." , by E. A. Abbott, 1884. Web. 04 Apr. 2016. <http://www.ibiblio.org/eldritch/eaa/FL.HTM>.
5. Henderson, Linda Dalrymple. “The Fourth Dimension and Non-euclidean Geometry in Modern Art: Conclusion”. Leonardo 17.3 (1984): 205–210. Web